The Adirondacks are
part of the Canadian Shield geological formation.
These mountains are relatively new mountains born as a
result of orogeny (or uplift) followed by etching and
carving by mile-high glaciers. It is believed that
there is a geological "hotspot" beneath the Adirondacks
that is causing continual uplifting. The mountains
continue to grow at a rate
of 1.5 millimeters annually. Although the
Adirondack mountains are
the most common found mineral "anorthosite"
in the Park is
among the oldest of the various types of earth.
Unlike linear mountain ranges that form along tectonic
plate boundaries, the Adirondack mountains resemble a
dome shape. The mountains are estimated to be 1.2
billion years old.
This area was first named
"Adirondack" by Professor Abenezer Emmons when he did his
geological survey of the region in 1837; describing the
well-known tribe of Indians who once hunted here.
Professor Emmons referred to the area as the "Adirondack Group."
The name "Adirondack" was not the name of one individual tribe,
but rather the original terms used to refer to the
Algonquin's who were forced to
live on tree buds and bark during the severe winters. The
term "adirondack" was often disputed. J.B. Hewitt of the
Smithsonian Institution believed it was derived from the
language of a tribe of Indians that lived on the lower Saint
Lawrence in the early 1500's and it meant "They of the Great
Rocks." When it was passed onto the Iroquois, the meaning
got mixed to mean "They Who Eat Trees." Adirondack is also
a Mohawk word for "porcupine" (whose diet consist of bark).
The Algonguian and Mohawk Indians were the first to use this
region for hunting and travel.
are several alpine summits in this region where rare
plants thrive under adverse conditions. The
highest peak being Mount Marcy at 5,344 feet.
Mountain climbing is a favorite activity in the Park,
and hikers have organized a
Forty Sixer Club.
The Adirondack Park is home to black bear, white tailed
deer, loons, mergansers, beavers, coyotes, fishers,
bobcats and over 260 species of birds.
Because of the boreal forest habitat, the park has many
breeding birds not found in most of New York.
The Adirondack Park
region was created in 1882 by the New York State
Legislature. It includes 6.1 million acres and is
best known for its mountains and lakes. About 45%
of the land is owned by the state and is regulated by
Adirondack Park Agency.
The Park is commonly referred to as the "Blue Line".
The forest are compromised of hardwoods and softwoods,
including maple, beech, balsam firm, hemlock, scotch and
red pine and spruces of several varieties
is unique in its intricate mixture of public and private lands.
The park is a patchwork of parcels, large and small. The
Forest preserve belong to all the people of the State, others to
industries and individual. The Park is home to over 130,000
New Yorkers in 105 town and villages, with 200,000 seasonal
residents. The Park lies within a day's drive of 60
million people and it is estimated that
7 to 10 million tourists arrive in the park each year.
The heart of this great Park is its treasured Adirondack Forest Preserve (i.e.
"The lands now or hereafter
constituting the Forest Preserve shall be forever kept as wild
forest lands. They shall not be sold nor shall they be
leased or taken by any person or corporation, public or
private."). The harmonious blend of private and public
lands gives the Park diversity found nowhere else.
Adirondack Park is full of flavors and there is NO Preserve
ACHR's complimentary concierge site explores all the
Adirondack Park's features (from boating, hiking, biking,
birding, shops, restaurants, accommodations to the unique of
bingo, farmer's markets to where are the waterfalls). With
our compliments, click
on the icon shown.